All Saints, Margaret Street, London, Westminster, ****

“All Saints is architecturally England’s most celebrated Victorian church…a church basted on the Anglo-Catholic maxims of the Tractarian Oxford Movement. The chosen architecture was 13th-century Goth, a distinct but visible chancel, an upward progression to the altar, profuse decoration and structural colour. A church, said Beresford-Hope, should have room for processions, candles, chanting and the veneration of saints: a means ‘whereby many arts were made subservient to one great end, and the greatness of the ned demanded the employment of the highest art.’”



Cheadle, St Giles RC, Staffordshire, *****

“A.W.N. Pugin’s St Giles, Cheadle is the outstanding English church of the 19th century. Pugin, a Catholic and still only twenty-nine, was the architectural impresario of the day. The church commissioned in 1841 for the centre of Cheadle was intended to recreate the architecture of the pre-Reformation church. Since most of the churches in this book have their roots in the same religion, Cheadle shares their form and customary features. The difference is that at Cheadle they were recreated complete, in full colour and splendour. Cheadle was a reaction against both the classical architecture and sparse fittings of the Protestant church, and the frivolous Gothic of the Regency period.”